The Immortal Red Eagle —— The story of Feng Dafei, the aviation pioneer of the People’s Army


The Immortal Red Eagle —— The story of Feng Dafei, the aviation pioneer of the People’s Army

Xinhua News Agency, Guangzhou, June 23rd, Xinhua News Agency reporters Li Song, Mei Changwei and Liu Fei.

An old house located at No.16 Dafei Lane, Dongbei Town, Lianzhou City, Guangdong Province, once had an aviation pioneer of the People’s Army.

He is Feng Dafei.

Referring to Feng Dafei’s experience, Huang Zhaoxing, former director of the Party History Research Office of Lianzhou Municipal Committee, said: "Feng Dafei not only knows the theory and technology of aviation and infantry artillery, but also has the strategic and tactical ability to command large corps operations and guerrilla warfare. At the same time, he has mastered three foreign languages, English, Russian and German, which can be said to be extremely rare among the early senior commanders of our army."

Learning experience of multi-arms military academy

Feng Dafei was born in a small businessman’s family in Dongbei Town, Lianzhou on July 31, 1901. His father died young, and he lived with his mother who was born in a scholarly family since childhood.

In July 1919, after graduating from middle school, Feng Dafei was admitted to Guangdong Army Surveying and Mapping School. In 1921, he was transferred to Xijiang Jiangwu Hall, and served as a lieutenant of Guangdong Army after graduation the following year. In May, 1924, he was selected to study in the Fourth Brigade of the first phase of Huangpu Military Academy. Joined the Communist Party of China (CPC) at the end of 1924.

Qiao Guohua, Feng Dafei’s granddaughter-in-law and director of Lianzhou Historical and Cultural Research Association, said: "In August 1925, Feng Dafei was selected by the Guangdong revolutionary government and party organizations to go to Moscow Aviation School of the Soviet Union and the Soviet Red Army Infantry School for further study."

"At the end of 1929, Feng Dafei participated in the the baise uprising." Huang Zhaoxing said, "At that time, the armory of Guangxi Province (now Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region) was taken over by our army. Although there were many weapons in the library, most of them were incomplete. Whether these weapons can be repaired in time is of great significance to the success or failure of the uprising. "

Feng Dafei was ordered to lead a team of more than 20 people into the armory. With excellent technology, after more than 10 days and nights of fighting, more than 20 heavy machine guns, 5 mortars and 3 mountain guns were repaired before the uprising, which made great contributions to the uprising.

Fight with captured enemy planes.

Since January, 1932, Feng Dafei has successively served as the chief of staff of the Hunan-Jiangxi Military Region, the commander of the Third Independent Division, the acting commander of the Red Eighth Army, and concurrently served as the president of the Fourth Branch of the Red Army School. During this period, he participated in the anti-encirclement campaign, and his military talents in all aspects were fully brought into play.

In April 1932, the Red Army captured Zhangzhou, an important town in southern Fujian, and seized two planes of Kuomintang warlord Zhang Zhen, one of which was seriously damaged and could not be used.

Feng Dafei was ordered to travel day and night to Zhangzhou to repair the plane.

They overcame many difficulties and finally repaired the plane with the help of local craftsmen.

As the war situation changed, Feng Dafei was ordered to fly the captured plane back to Ruijin, the capital of chinese soviet republic. There was no aerial bomb, so he tied up the mortar shells and hung them on the bomb rack, and loaded them with several bundles of leaflets. In the absence of navigation and flight route map, I resolutely flew over the mountains from Zhangzhou and flew to Ruijin.

When Feng Dafei flew the plane over the enemy-occupied area, the enemy thought it was his own plane, some looked up and watched, and some contacted with flags. Feng Dafei took advantage of the enemy’s illusion and dropped mortar shells, which severely hit the enemy.

Refuse the enemy to lure him into surrender and die bravely.

"In October 1934, Feng Dafei participated in the Long March and was incorporated into the cadre group led by Chen Geng." Qiao Guohua said, "From 1935 to 1936, he served as a faculty member of the Red Army University in northern Shaanxi. In 1937, he served as the second and fourth captains of Yan’ an Anti-Japanese Military and Political University. "

In January 1941, the Southern Anhui Incident broke out. In the bloody battle of Shijingkeng, Feng Dafei was unfortunately shot in the leg and was arrested.

In the face of the Kuomintang’s surrender, Feng Dafei sternly refused. On June 8, 1942, Feng Dafei was killed in Shangrao concentration camp at the age of 41.

On November 3, 2017, with the approval of the Organization Bureau of the Political Department of the China People’s Liberation Army Air Force Party Committee, Feng Dafei’s heroic name was engraved on the heroic wall of the China Air Force.


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